INDIAN HANDICRAFTS – EMBROIDERY
Embroidery art is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread. Embroidery art may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. A characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques or stitches of the earliest work—chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.
Embroidery art can be classified according to whether the design is stitched on top of or through the foundation fabric, and by the relationship of stitch placement to the fabric. In free embroidery, designs are applied without regard to the weave of the underlying fabric. Examples include crewel and traditional Chinese and Japanese embroidery. Counted thread embroidery work patterns are created by making stitches over a predetermined number of threads in the foundation fabric.
Machine embroidery are arising in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, mimics hand embroidery, especially in the use of chain stitches, but the ‘satin stitch’ and hemming stitches of machine work rely on the use of multiple threads and resemble hand work in their appearance, not their construction.