INDIAN HANDICRAFTS – METALWARE CRAFTING
The Metalware art is the art of creating a piece of utility or artistic item by the use of various metals. Though, iron in its various forms, cast iron, wrought iron, steel, etc. is the most commonly used metal for utility products, Aluminum, copper and tin are not far behind. The metal Gold occupies a very special place in the world of metallurgy and has been in use traditionally due to its availability in the pure form.
Thewa is a craft practised by a few craftsmen who specialise in the art of fusing filigreed gold sheets on to glass. The craft of thewa is still practised by hereditary craftspersons in the small villages. The craft of Bidri or inlay on metal originated in Persia, the motifs are leaves and floral designs of Persian and Mughal art, executed with the delicacy as seen in Mughal designs. The metalware or craft of Madhya Pradesh in the Betul district is done by the filling method or the ancient cire-perdue process. This casting method of making different utensils, animals and birds.
Metalware in many states of India is extensively used for making jewelery. Metal like Silver, copper and aluminum are also very widely used in the handicraft sector. Metals are used by the process of casting or molding. Sheets and wires of metals can easily be drawn due to the malleable and ductile quality and finds high application in the art and crafts.