MONUMENTS OF INDIA – JAMA MASJID
The Jama Masjid or Masjid-i Jahan-Numah, the ‘World-reflecting Mosque’, is located in Delhi (India). It is the principal masjid of Old Delhi (India) commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, 1628 AD being the year this masjid completed, it is a very large and best-know Masjid in India. It lies at the origin of a very busy central street of Old Delhi, the Chawri Bazar Road.
The foundation of Jama Masjid was laid on a hillock in Shahajahanabad by fifth Mughal Emperor of India, Shahjahan, on Friday, October 19,1650 AD. The masjid was the result of the efforts of over 5,000 workers, and was completed over a period of seven years.
The masjid also houses several relics in a closet in the north gate, including an antique copy of the Quran Sharif written on deer skin. The later name, Jama Masjid, it is a reference to the weekly Friday (Jummah) noon congregation prayers of Muslims which are usually done at a masjid, the “congregational mosque” or “jami masjid”. The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to about twenty-five thousand worshippers.