MONUMENTS OF INDIA – TAJ MAHAL
Taj Mahal, in Persian means “crown of buildings”, also called “The Taj” is an edifice located in Agra city in State of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art Of India. And also one of the universally admired of the world’s heritage. In other words we can say that it is one of the masterpieces of the whole world. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The construction started around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing the many thousand of artisans and craftsmen who worked there. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under the imperial supervision, including Abd ul Karim Ma’mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is considered to be the principal designer.
The white domed marble is the very familiar component and the real beauty of the Taj Mahal. The Monument is actually an integrated complex of large structures. The Taj Mahal incorporates design traditions of Persian architecture and then Mughal architecture.