PAINTINGS OF INDIA – MUGHAL PAINTINGS
Mughal painting is a style of South Asian painting and Indian Painting, generally it is confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or single works to be kept in their albums, which emerged from Persian miniature painting, with Hindu, Jain, and the Buddhist influences, and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire and later spread to other Indian courts, both Muslim and Hindu, and also Sikh.
Mughal paintings reflect a unique style of Indian Culture, as well as Persian and Islamic styles. Because the Mughal kings wanted visual records of their deeds as conquerors and hunters, their artists accompanied them on military expeditions or missions of state and depicted them in the great dynastic ceremonies as well as marriages.
In 1556–1605 the Akbar’s reign ushered a new era in Indian miniature painting. He built a capital at Fatehpur Sikri (Agra) where he collected artists from India and Persia. He was the first morarch who established in India an atelier under the supervision of two Persian artists, Mir Sayyed Ali and Abdus Samad.